Today, Good Friday, we commemorate the crucifixion of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, and his death.
At any given church service but especially at a service on this day, the message often centers around the seven saying of Jesus as he hung from the cross. As recorded in the collective gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, these were the last truths from the mouth of Christ as He closed his service to His Father on this earth. We, his followers, take great comfort and derive much peace from these short utterings.
1. Father forgive them, for they know not what they do
Luke 23:34 Then Jesus said, "Father forgive them, for they know not what they do."
This first saying of Jesus on the cross is traditionally called "The Word of Forgiveness." It is theologically interpreted as Jesus' prayer for forgiveness for those who were crucifying him: the Roman soldiers, and apparently for all others who were involved in his crucifixion.
2. Today you will be with me in paradise
Luke 23:43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to you today you will be with me in paradise."
This saying is traditionally called "The Word of Salvation." According to Luke's Gospel, Jesus was crucified between two thieves (Dismas and Gestas), one of whom supports Jesus' innocence and asks him to remember him when he comes into His kingdom. Jesus replies, "Truly, I say to you..." (ἀμήν λέγω σοί, amēn legō soi), followed with the only appearance of the word "paradise" in the Gospels (παραδείσω, paradeisō, from the Persian pairidaeza "paradise garden").
A seemingly simple change in punctuation in this saying has been the subject of doctrinal differences among Christian groups, given the lack of punctuation in the original Greek texts. Protestant Christians usually use a version which reads "today you will be with me in Paradise". This reading assumes a direct voyage to Heaven and has no implications of purgatory. On the other hand, Catholics have used a reading which emphasizes "I say to you today," leaving open the possibility that the statement was made today, but arrival in Heaven may be later.
3. Behold your son: behold your mother
John 19:26-27 Jesus saw his own mother, and the disciple standing near whom he loved, he said to his mother, "Woman, behold your son". Then he said to the disciple, "Behold your mother". And from that hour, he took his mother into his family.''
4. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me
Matthew 27:46 Around the ninth hour, Jesus shouted in a loud voice, saying "Eli Eli lama sabachthani?" which is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour, Jesus shouted in a loud voice, "Eloi Eloi lama sabachthani?" which is translated, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
This saying is traditionally called "The Word of Abandonment" and is the only saying that appears in more than one Gospel. This saying is a quote from King David. (Psalm 22)
5. I thirst
John 19:28 He said, "I thirst."
This statement is traditionally called "The Word of Distress" and is compared and contrasted with the encounter of Jesus with the Samaritan Woman at the Well in John 4:4-26.
6. It is finished
John 19:30 Jesus said, "It is finished".
This statement is traditionally called "The Word of Triumph" and is theologically interpreted as the announcement of the end of the earthly life of Jesus, in anticipation for the Resurrection.
7. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit
Luke 23:46 And speaking in a loud voice, Jesus said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit".
From Psalm 31, this saying, which is an announcement and not a request, is traditionally called "The Word of Reunion" and is theologically interpreted as the proclamation of Jesus joining God the Father in Heaven.
[Seven statements narration was taken from Wikipedia]